Architect Definition and Meaning: What does Architect Mean? What Does an Architect do?
1. One who designs and supervises the construction of buildings or other large structures.
2. One that plans or devises: a country considered to be the chief architect of war in the Middle East.
Noun 1. architect - someone who creates plans to be used in making something (such as buildings)
creator - a person who grows or makes or invents things
landscape architect, landscape gardener, landscaper, landscapist - someone who arranges features of the landscape or garden attractively
Ithiel Town, Town - United States architect who was noted for his design and construction of truss bridges (1784-1844)
1. designer, planner, draughtsman, master builder Employ an architect to make sure the plans comply with regulations.
2. creator, father, shaper, engineer, author, maker, designer, founder, deviser, planner, inventor, contriver, originator, prime mover, instigator, initiator The country's chief architect of economic reform.
n architect [ˈaːkitekt]
a person who designs buildings etc.
n architecture [-tʃə]
the art of designing buildings He's studying architecture; modern architecture.
Noun 1. type of architecture - architecture as a kind of art form
architectural style, style of architecture
art form - (architecture) a form of artistic expression (such as writing or painting or architecture)
Bauhaus - a German style of architecture begun by Walter Gropius in 1918
Byzantine architecture - the style of architecture developed in the Byzantine Empire developed after the 5th century; massive domes with square bases and round arches and spires and much use of mosaics
classical architecture, Greco-Roman architecture - architecture influenced by the ancient Greeks or Romans
Gothic architecture, Gothic - a style of architecture developed in northern France that spread throughout Europe between the 12th and 16th centuries; characterized by slender vertical piers and counterbalancing buttresses and by vaulting and pointed arches
Romanesque, Romanesque architecture - a style of architecture developed in Italy and western Europe between the Roman and the Gothic styles after 1000 AD; characterized by round arches and vaults and by the substitution of piers for columns and profuse ornament and arcades
Moorish, Moorish architecture - a style of architecture common in Spain from the 13th to 16th centuries; characterized by horseshoe-shaped arches
Victorian architecture - a style of architecture used in Britain during the reign of Queen Victoria; characterized by massive construction and elaborate ornamentation
What does Architect Mean
a person skilled in the art of building; one who understands architecture, or makes it his occupation to form plans and designs of buildings, and to superintend the artificers employed
a contriver, designer, or maker
a person who engages in the profession of architecture.
a person professionally engaged in the design of certain constructions other than buildings:
planner; deviser; creator:
the architects of the report.
What Does an Architect Do?
Architects design all kinds of buildings. They design schools and skyscrapers. They design hospitals and hotels. They also design churches, train stations and plain old regular houses.
Any building that is used by people was probably designed by some architect.
Okay then, but what does the word "design" mean? A design is simply a plan. Before constructing a building, an architect needs to draw a plan of the building. Sometimes architects will make a cardboard or plastic model of the building.
The building is then built by a construction company which follows the directions of the plans for the building. The architect will closely supervise the construction company to make sure that the building is built according to the plans.
Okay then, but what does an architect do when he or she draws up a plan?
Architects have to think of many things before they draw up the plans for a building. First they have to think about what the building will be used for. How many people are going to use the building at the same time? What types of activities will these people do in the building?
An office building will need lots of small rooms for offices. A school will need many medium-sized rooms for classrooms. And a train station will need one larger room for hundreds of people to pass through at the same time.
All of these building must be built so that they can be used efficiently by everyone who walks through their doors. When architects discuss what the building will be used for, they talk about the "function" of the building.
But the function of a building is just one of many things an architect has to think about when designing a building. Good architects also spend a lot of time making sure a building is safely designed, and making sure the building will last for many years.
A building that is not safely designed could catch on fire or fall down on itself.
Architects have to design building so that people can escape from the building in an emergency. Of course, some emergencies, such as earthquakes or tornadoes, destroy even the safest buildings.
A few years ago an architect had a real surprise when one of the buildings he designed collapsed under the weight of a foot of wet snow. The building was a sports arena with a large, curved roof. The heavy snow put so much pressure on the roof that the roof collapsed. Luckily nobody was in the sports arena at the time.
Besides thinking about the function and safety of a building, architects also spend time creatively thinking about how they want the building to look. Just as a painter decides which paints to put where in a painting, an architect decides where to put the rooms, walls, and open spaces in a building.
Just as different painters have different styles of painting, different architects have different styles of designing. One architect might like to use a lot of circles and curves in his or her buildings. Another architect might like to design buildings that look sleek and flat.
So architects have to be good artists and good scientists when they design a building. The building must be pleasant to look at, pleasant to work in and strong enough to be safe from most natural disasters.
Trying to do all these things at the same time is part of the challenge and excitement of being an architect.
Definition of ARCHITECTURE
: the art or science of building; specifically : the art or practice of designing and building structures and especially habitable ones
a : formation or construction resulting from or as if from a conscious act <the architecture of the garden>
b : a unifying or coherent form or structure <the novel lacks architecture>
: architectural product or work
: a method or style of building
: the manner in which the components of a computer or computer system are organized and integrated
Examples of ARCHITECTURE
In college, he studied architecture.
The architecture of the building is modern.
Synonyms: frame, armature, cadre, configuration, edifice, fabric, framework, framing, infrastructure, shell, skeleton, structure
Meaning of Architecture
Art and technique of designing and building, as distinguished from the skills associated with construction. The practice of architecture emphasizes spatial relationships, orientation, the support of activities to be carried out within a designed environment, and the arrangement and visual rhythm of structural elements, as opposed to the design of structural systems themselves. Appropriateness, uniqueness, a sensitive and innovative response to functional requirements, and a sense of place within its surrounding physical and social context distinguish a built environment as representative of a culture's architecture.
Architects are professionally trained designers who work on small buildings, groups of buildings and large or complex buildings, as well as the places in and around them. They combine creative design with a wide range of technical knowledge to provide integrated solutions for built and natural environments. During the five typical phases of a project the architect has a variety of roles:
The architect talks to the client about expectations, project requirements and budget. This information forms the design brief.
The architect analyses the design brief and the building site conditions, and determines the best location and orientation. The architect then develops ideas through rough plans, sketches and models. These ideas are brought together into concept design drawings.
development, documentation & building approvals
The architect compares the concept design drawings with the design brief and develops the technical detail for the project with the project team. Detailed drawings and specifications are prepared for the builder. The drawings are lodged to obtain local authority building approval. The method of engaging a builder for the project is determined.
The architect works with the builder and other project team members to ensure that the project is constructed in accordance with the drawings and specification.
Projects have a warranty period called the defects liability period. It is the architect’s responsibility to follow up any relevant issues or outstanding work with the client and the builder.
The following are the typical processes on a new commercial project:
1. Space Programming: the architect sits with the owner, developer and/or users of the new building to develop the best possible space layout, adjacencies, and goals of the project.
2. Schematic Design: The architect translates the owners wants and needs into a rough building design. Beginning with gestural models and drawings which helps the architect develop the language of the building and ending with mass studies and ultimately some sort of 3d model representing the building and style. This presented along with a rough, non detailed space layout will generally conclude the schematic design phase after many revisions.
3. Design Development: The owner agrees to the design and the architect begins to run with it. Ordering a site survey, perhaps some soils testing the architect now has enough information to layout a site design, foundation & structure(may subcontract a structural engineer), mechanical and electrical(may subcontract a Mechanical/Electrical engineer), wall sections, building elevations, partition types, door and window schedules, code research, material choices, etc... In essence this is the point where most of the decisions about what the building actual is, gets decided.
4. Construction Documents: This phase takes the bulk of the time (40%-60%) and is where the architect and interns create the contract documents. These consist of detailed drawings showing every possible detail as it relates the building, from how walls are made, how door jambs are to be constructed, how the exterior cladding is to be connected to the structure, how the building is to be water proofed and insulated, roofing details, etc.. This is also the point where they write the specifications for the project, which is generally a thick 400 page book with detailed information on each and every product and installation in the project as well as general terms and conditions that the contractor must follow.
5. Bidding and Negotiation: This is the point where they hand off the construction documents to the owner and assist in getting and receiving bids, answering questions from the bidding contractors and subcontractors, issuing addenda and clarifications and ultimately helping the owner to choose the right contractor for the job.
6. Construction Administration: This is the construction part of the project where they act as the contract authority and force both parties (owner and contractor) to meet the contract requirements. This means checking show drawings and issuing supplemental drawings to help the contractor install and build things properly and to the specifications. This is one of the most important stages, because this is where the quality will either be great or terrible, depending on the accuracy of the previously made specifications and details and the quality of the contractor.