Affinity Definition and Meaning: What Does Affinity Mean?

Affinity Definition

af·fin·i·ty  (-fn-t)

n. pl. af·fin·i·ties

1. A natural attraction, liking, or feeling of kinship.

2. Relationship by marriage.

3. An inherent similarity between persons or things. See Synonyms at likeness

4. Biology A relationship or resemblance in structure between species.

5. Immunology The attraction between an antigen and an antibody.

6. Chemistry An attraction or force between particles that causes them to combine.


[Middle English affinite, from Old French afinite, from Latin affnits, from affnis, related by marriage; see affined.]

Usage Note: In the sense of "attraction," affinity may be followed by of, between, or with. Thus one may speak of the close affinity of James and Samuel, or of the affinity between James and Samuel, or of James's affinity with Samuel. In its chemical use affinity is generally followed by for: a dye with an affinity for synthetic fabrics. · One might want to avoid using affinity as a simple synonym for liking since 62 percent of the Usage Panel rejects the example Her affinity for living in California led her to reject a chance to return to New York. Nevertheless, the more sophisticated tone inherent in this use of the word can lend an archness to certain contexts, as when Barbara Tuchman writes of Kaiser Wilhelm's "affinity for coarse physical jokes practiced upon his courtiers." This may be why 65 percent of the Usage Panel approved of this quotation when it was presented as an example.


affinity [əˈfɪnɪtɪ]

n pl -ties

1. (foll by with or for) a natural liking, taste, or inclination towards a person or thing

2. the person or thing so liked

3. a close similarity in appearance or quality; inherent likeness

4. relationship by marriage or by ties other than of blood, as by adoption Compare consanguinity

5. (Life Sciences & Allied Applications / Biology) similarity in structure, form, etc., between different animals, plants, or languages

6. (Chemistry) Chem

a.  the tendency for two substances to combine; chemical attraction

b.  a measure of the tendency of a chemical reaction to take place expressed in terms of the free energy change. Symbol A

7. (Life Sciences & Allied Applications / Biochemistry) Biology a measure of the degree of interaction between two molecules, such as an antigen and antibody or a hormone and its receptor


[via Old French from Latin affīnitāt- connected by marriage, from affīnis bordering on, related]

affinitive  adj

Noun1.affinity - (immunology) the attraction between an antigen and an antibody

immunology - the branch of medical science that studies the body's immune system

attraction, attractive force - the force by which one object attracts another

2.affinity - (anthropology) kinship by marriage or adoption; not a blood relationship

anthropology - the social science that studies the origins and social relationships of human beings

family relationship, kinship, relationship - (anthropology) relatedness or connection by blood or marriage or adoption

steprelationship - a family relationship by virtue of a second marriage

blood kinship, consanguinity, cognation - (anthropology) related by blood

3.affinity - (biology) state of relationship between organisms or groups of organisms resulting in resemblance in structure or structural parts; "in anatomical structure prehistoric giant sharks shows close affinity with modern sharks"

phylogenetic relation

biological science, biology - the science that studies living organisms

family relationship, kinship, relationship - (anthropology) relatedness or connection by blood or marriage or adoption

4.affinity - a close connection marked by community of interests or similarity in nature or character; "found a natural affinity with the immigrants"; "felt a deep kinship with the other students"; "anthropology's kinship with the humanities"

kinship

relation - an abstraction belonging to or characteristic of two entities or parts together

rapport, resonance - a relationship of mutual understanding or trust and agreement between people

sympathy - a relation of affinity or harmony between people; whatever affects one correspondingly affects the other; "the two of them were in close sympathy"

5.affinity - the force attracting atoms to each other and binding them together in a molecule; "basic dyes have an affinity for wool and silk"

chemical attraction

force - (physics) the influence that produces a change in a physical quantity; "force equals mass times acceleration"

6.affinity - inherent resemblance between persons or things

resemblance - similarity in appearance or external or superficial details

7.affinity - a natural attraction or feeling of kinship; "an affinity for politics"; "the mysterious affinity between them"; "James's affinity with Sam"

attractiveness, attraction - the quality of arousing interest; being attractive or something that attracts; "her personality held a strange attraction for him"


noun

1.

a natural liking for or attraction to a person, thing, idea, etc.

2.

a person, thing, idea, etc., for which such a natural liking or attraction is felt.

3.

relationship by marriage or by ties other than those of blood ( distinguished from consanguinity

4.

inherent likeness or agreement; close resemblance or connection.

5. Biology. the phylogenetic relationship between two organisms or groups of organisms resulting in a resemblance in general plan or structure, or in the essential structural parts.


  1. [n]  inherent resemblance between persons or things

  2. [n]  a natural attraction or feeling of kinship; "an affinity for politics"; "the mysterious affinity between them"; "James's affinity with Sam"

  3. [n]  the force attracting atoms to each other and binding them together in a molecule; "basic dyes have an affinity for wool and silk"

  4. [n]  (immunology) the attraction between an antigen and an antibody

  5. [n]  a close connection marked by community of interests or similarity in nature or character; "found a natural affinity with the immigrants"; "felt a deep kinship with the other students"; "anthropology's kinship with the humanities"

  6. [n]  (biology) state of relationship between organisms or groups of organisms resulting in resemblance in structure or structural parts

  7. [n]  kinship by marriage or adoption; not a blood relationship


AFFINITY

is a 8 letter word that starts with A.

A term used to describe the attraction between chemicals that causes them to bind together, as, for example, between an antigen and an antibody (see immune response. In microbiology, affinity describes physical similarity between organisms. In psychology, it refers to attraction between two people.



Synonyms:

chemical attraction, kinship, kinship by marriage, phylogenetic relation



Antonyms:

blood kinship, cognation, consanguinity



Related Terms:

a thing for, accord, accordance, addition, adduction, adjunct, affairs, affiliation, agape, agreement, alikeness, alliance, allurement, amity, analogy, approximation, aptitude, aptness, assemblage, assent, association, attractance, attraction, attractiveness, attractivity, bag, bent, bias, bond, bonds of harmony, brotherly love, capillarity, capillary attraction, caritas, cast, cement of friendship, centripetal force, charity, chorus, chosen kind, chumminess, closeness, coherence, coincidence, combination, communion, community, community of interests, comparison, compatibility, conatus, concert, concord, concordance, conduciveness, conformance, conformation, conformity, congeneracy, congeniality, congruence, congruency, congruity, connateness, connaturality, connaturalness, connature, connectedness, connection, consistency, consonance, consort, contiguity, contrariety, cooperation, correspondence, cup of tea, dealings, deduction, delight, diathesis, disjunction, disposition, drag, draw, druthers, eagerness, empathy, equivalence, esprit, esprit de corps, familiarity, family connection, family favor, family likeness, fancy, fascination, favor, feeling for, feeling of identity, fellow feeling, fellowship, filiation, fondness, frictionlessness, friendliness, generic resemblance, good vibes, good vibrations, gravitation, gravity, happy family, harmony, homology, identity, inclination, inseparableness, intercourse, intersection, intimacy, intimate acquaintance, junction, kinship, leaning, liability, liaison, like-mindedness, liking, link, linkage, linking, love, magnetism, marital affinity, marriage connection, marriage relationship, mateyness, mutual affinity, mutual attraction, mutuality, nearness, oneness, overlap, palliness, parallelism, partiality, particular choice, peace, penchant, personal choice, predilection, predisposition, preference, prejudice, prepossession, probability, proclivity, proneness, propensity, propinquity, proximity, pull, pulling power, rapport, rapprochement, readiness, reciprocity, relatedness, relation, relations, relationship, resemblance, self-consistency, semblance, sensitivity to, sharing, similarity, simile, similitude, soft spot, solidarity, special affinity, style, susceptibility, symmetry, sympathy, symphony, sync,

synchronism, tally, taste, team spirit, tendency, thing, tie, tie-in, timing, traction, tropism, tug, turn, twist, type, understanding, uniformity, union, unison, unisonance, unity, warp, weakness, willingness



• AFFINITY (noun)

  The noun AFFINITY has 7 senses:

1. the force attracting atoms to each other and binding them together in a molecule
2. (immunology) the attraction between an antigen and an antibody
3. (anthropology) kinship by marriage or adoption; not a blood relationship
4. (biology) state of relationship between organisms or groups of organisms resulting in resemblance in structure or structural parts
5. a close connection marked by community of interests or similarity in nature or character
6. inherent resemblance between persons or things
7. a natural attraction or feeling of kinship

Meaning:

The force attracting atoms to each other and binding them together in a molecule

Classified under:

Nouns denoting natural phenomena

Synonyms:

affinity; chemical attraction

Context example:

basic dyes have an affinity for wool and silk

Hypernyms ("affinity" is a kind of...):

force ((physics) the influence that produces a change in a physical quantity)

Meaning:

(immunology) the attraction between an antigen and an antibody

Classified under:

Nouns denoting natural phenomena

Hypernyms ("affinity" is a kind of...):

attraction; attractive force (the force by which one object attracts another)

Domain category:

immunology (the branch of medical science that studies the body's immune system)

Meaning:

A close connection marked by community of interests or similarity in nature or character

Classified under:

Nouns denoting relations between people or things or ideas

Synonyms:

kinship; affinity

Context examples:

found a natural affinity with the immigrants / felt a deep kinship with the other students / anthropology's kinship with the humanities

Hypernyms ("affinity" is a kind of...):

relation (an abstraction belonging to or characteristic of two entities or parts together)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "affinity"):

rapport; resonance (a relationship of mutual understanding or trust and agreement between people)

sympathy (a relation of affinity or harmony between people; whatever affects one correspondingly affects the other)



affinity

AFFIN'ITY, n. L. affinitas, from affinis, adjacent, related by marriage; ad and finis, end.

1. The relation contracted by marriage, between a husband and his wife's kindred, and between a wife and her husband's kindred; in contradistinction from consanguinity or relation by blood.

Solomon made affinity with Pharaoh. 1Kings 3.

2. Agreement; relation; conformity; resemblance; connection; as, the affinity of sounds, of colors, or of languages.

3. In chimistry, attraction; elective attraction, or that tendency which different species of matter have to unite, and combine with certain other bodies, and the power that disposes them to continue in combination There are two kinds of affinity.

1. Affinity of aggregation, which is the power that causes two homogeneous bodies to tend towards each other, unite and cohere, as two drops of water, which unite in one.

2. Affinity of composition, which is the tendency of bodies of different kinds to unite and form new combinations of bodies with different properties. Such is the affinity which unites acids and alkalies, the results of which combination are neutral salts.

The operations of this principle are various. When heterogeneous bodies have mutually an equal attraction, it is called compound affinity. When one substance decomposes a combination of others, unites with one of them and precipitates the other, the power is called the affinity of decomposition. When bodies will not unite, but by means of a third, which enables them to combine, this is affinity by means of a medium.

Double affinity is when by means of four bodies, two decompositions and two new combinations are effected.



Affinity sentence examples

  • Turk feels an affinity with the dour playwright's style.

  • Affinity for opioid receptors and slow dissociation from them.

  • A reliable assay is needed to be able to measure binding affinity.

  • Affinity chromatography.

  • This is the reverse of the electron affinity of the chlorine.

  • Affinity owing fibers are selectively matched by inherent chemical affinities.

  • Affinity is a table of proton affinities for various gaseous components.

  • Possesses strong affinity with gold, silver, platinum, and precious stones.

  • Affinity for the fourth oxygen to bind is approximately 300 times that for the first.

  • In fact, as Roberto Unger has demonstrated, there is no elective affinity between capitalism and democracy.

  • Affinity maturation: a retrospective view C. Berek, M. Apel.

  • The lack of processor affinity also causes less damage with a shared l2 cache.

  • You should also be able to demonstrate an affinity with the outdoors and camping.

  • It meshed well with Russia's traditional primary focus on relations with the United States and was reinforced by apparent ideological affinity.

  • Affinity tag protein purification methods.

  • There is a reduction in cardiac output and an increase in hemoglobin oxygen affinity.

  • The teacher... some people have a natural affinity with children.

  • Affinity FC receptors expressed on mast cells and basophils.

  • The close affinity of the author's thought to that of Philo point in the same direction.

  • Affinity antibody production.

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