Monkeys and Apes: Pictures, Types and Facts
* important note : Please know that any text referring to evolution is stupid, ridiculous, absurd and dumb, because it did not happen *
What is an Ape?
An ape is any member of the Hominoidea superfamily of primates. Apes are divided into two groups, lesser apes and great apes. Chimpanzees, gorillas, and orangutans (humans are also usually falsely included in this category. Of course they want to falsely think they evolved from animals, since they live like beasts and worse like beasts!).
Though all these varieties belong to the same group of apes, they have several differences among them. For instance, gibbons are monogamous and territorial pair-bonders, while orangutans mainly live alone. Gorillas wander in small troops, under a single male leader and the chimpanzees generally live in larger troops. Gorillas and chimpanzees inhabit the tropical Africa, whereas orangutans are generally found in the forests of Sumatra and Borneo. Apes, in general, are the most intelligent of all the animals found on earth. They resemble human beings in most of their features and even in their behavior. Certain species of apes have been declared by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as 'Endangered' or 'Critically Endangered. In this article we bring you some really interesting facts and amazing information on apes.
Quick Facts About Apes
Interesting & Amazing Information on Apes:
Apes are basically of two types - anthropoid apes or great apes and hylobatinae or lesser apes. Gorillas, chimpanzees, pygmy chimpanzees and orangutans belong to the group of great apes, whereas gibbons (with several different species) are referred to as the lesser apes.
Apes are often referred to as the “humanlike” creatures, which share a lot of similarities with the human beings.
Though apes mostly feed on the plant vegetation, they also consume eggs, insects, small mammals and birds.
While, female monkeys go through the estrous cycle, great apes, go through a menstrual cycle like human beings.
Apes have a skeletal structure similar to that of humans and also lots of similarities with regard to their organs and muscles.
The pelvis of apes is similar to that of monkeys, which allows them to walk on all four legs. Hence, they use knuckle-walking for ground locomotion.
Apes have broad and flat chests. They can move their shoulders up and backward from their shoulders.
Gibbons are the only apes that have buttock callosities, which is the characteristic trait in old world monkeys.
Apes keep their bodies in both semi-upright and upright position, when they are resting as well as during their locomotion.
The arms of apes are longer than their legs. Their hands are similar to human hands, only the fingers and thumb are of equal length.
Apes do not have tails and the cheek pouches commonly found in the monkeys are also absent.
The eyes of apes are highly developed, with stereoscopic color vision.
Apes have large brains, which make them the most intelligent animals on earth. The brain of a gorilla weighs around 600 grams and chimpanzees and orangutans have their brain weighing around 400 grams.
Among the apes, chimpanzees are the most intelligent and can be easily be taught certain man tasks, even to communicate.
Except for gorillas, all true apes are extremely efficient in climbing trees.
Gorilla is the largest ape and an adult male one weighs around 275 kilograms. It can be almost six feet tall, when it stands up.
Gibbon is the smallest ape, which has a weight of around 10 kilograms and height of around 3 feet.
Adult male apes inflate their throat pouch and produce a characteristic sound that can be heard from over a kilometer.
The reproduction rates of apes are very slow and the females give birth every 6 to 7 years.
Apes can be found in tropical rainforests throughout the western and central Africa and also Southeast Asia. The Orangutans can only be found in Asia, where as the chimpanzees are found mostly in west and central Africa. The gorillas inhabit central Africa, and gibbons are the inhabitants of Southeast Asia.
Difference Between Apes and Monkeys
Monkeys and apes are the animals being used for studies and researches very commonly. While there are some similarities in both the animals, the differences are many. The similarities being that both monkeys and apes belong to the Primate family and some of them look alike also. They have some common behaviors in terms of habitat and food. But the animals differ in many aspects.
Monkeys are the smaller primates while apes are larger. More specifically a monkey is a cercopithecoid or platyrrhine primate while an ape belongs to the Hominoidea family of primates. Scientifically speaking, the Old World monkeys are more related to the apes than to the New World monkeys. The Mandrill monkey is thought to be an ape by many owing to its size, but is in fact an Old World monkey. As the monkey family consists of the old and new monkeys, the ape family consists of chimpanzees, orangutans, gorillas (humans are also falsely included in this category, as, according to the unbelievers, humans are said to have evolved from apes).
Out of the two animals, an ape is cleverer than a monkey. This is indicated in its behaviors and activities. They are capable of learning signs, languages, the use of tools, and even display the skills to solve problems. The apes have larger brains and bodies than the monkeys. The body of an ape has a broad back and arms longer than the legs, while monkeys have slender, long chests and have arms which are as the same length as the legs or shorter.
Another feature by which you can distinguish both is the tail. Monkeys have tails while apes do not. But there are exceptions as some monkey species like the baboons and drills do not have tails. Monkeys are more used to the life on trees and the tail serves as a fifth limb to them in the purpose. And apes live more comfortably on the ground, though they can climb and swing between trees like the monkeys.
Monkeys are very commonly distributed all over the world but apes are not. You will be able to find monkeys even in places where you live. They can live in harmony with humans. But apes are not that widely distributed and there are many endangered species of apes within the family.
Some other physical features to distinguish between a monkey and ape are the nose and feet. The nasal openings of monkeys are slanted while those of apes are rounded. The feet of monkeys are webbed while apes do not have webbed feet. Another remarkable feature in apes is the opposable thumbs like the humans. Monkeys do not have this kind of thumbs.
1. The apes are more close to humans than monkeys (although they are not related as some falsely claim). Physically, the features like the slanting nose, webbed feet, body size, and tails make the monkeys different from the apes.
2. If apes are intelligent and are capable of displaying intelligence, monkeys shows no intelligence in its behaviors and are often considered as a nuisance to normal human lives as it destroys crops and plantations and disturbs people.
3. The nasal openings of monkeys are slanted while those of apes are rounded.
4. The feet of monkeys are webbed while apes do not have webbed feet.
5. Another remarkable feature in apes is the opposable thumbs like the humans. Monkeys do not have this kind of thumbs
Apes vs Monkeys
While apes and monkeys are both primates, and are part of the same primate suborder, there are lots of differences between them. There are also lots of other sorts of primates. The distinction between different primate groups is based on physical characteristics and evolutionary ancestry.
The order of primates is characterized by animals with forward-facing eyes and highly flexible arms, legs and fingers. This body structure was created as an adaptation for life in the trees: Primates have flexible limbs and grasping hands so they can move from branch to branch. The forward-facing eyes are also suitable for life in this environment: They give primates excellent depth perception, allowing them to accurately judge the distance between trees.
The 235 (or 234 excluding humans?) modern primate species are divided up into two suborders -- the prosimians and the anthropoids. The prosimians, made up of lemurs and similar animals, are the more primitive group. They exhibit lower intelligence and they more closely resemble other mammal groups (they typically have whiskers and extended snouts, for example). Anthropoids, commonly called the "higher primates," comprise the rest of the species in the primate order. Anthropoids vary considerably in size, geographical range and behavior, but they all have flat faces, small ears and relatively large, complex brains.
Within the suborder of anthropoids, primates are grouped into monkeys , apes and hominids (humans and their ancestors are also usually falsely included in the category “hominids”). The easiest way to distinguish monkeys from the other anthropoids is to look for a tail. Most monkey species have tails, but no apes or hominids do. Monkeys are much more like other mammals than apes are. For example, most monkeys cannot swing from branch to branch, as apes can, because their shoulder bones have a different structure. Instead, monkeys run along the tops of branches. Their skeletal structure is similar to a cat, dog or other four-footed animal, and they move in the same sort of way.
Can you tell the difference between an ape and a monkey? Many people call all primates monkeys, when in fact apes and monkeys are two kinds of animals under the classification of primate. They may look similar, but when you start to learn more about them, it becomes apparent there are many differences between monkeys and apes. Which animals are monkeys, and which are apes?
What is the difference between monkeys and apes?
There are many many differences between monkeys and apes. But let's list some basics to remember right now. . There are only a small number of types of apes, while there are over a hundred types of monkeys. This article will focus more on apes:
Apes are usually larger and heavier than monkeys.
Apes have no tail.
Apes have a more upright body posture than monkeys, and are often able to walk on 2 legs.
Apes have a broad chest.
Apes rely on vision rather than smell, and thus have shorter noses than some monkeys.
Apes have a large brain to body size ratio compared with other animals.
Apes only live in Africa and Asia (monkeys also live in South America).
There are a few exceptions to these rules; there are some monkeys without tails, and there are some large monkeys. But overall, those are general characteristics to remember about apes and monkeys.
Now... let's talk a little more about some of these apes. Already after reading the list above, some things look familiar to you. The Great Apes (humans are usually falsely included in this category) have characteristics that set them apart from other apes and primates:
The Great Apes are able to use tools, and use or understand language to some degree.
Their social lives are complex and they are able to solve problems.
Who? The great apes include orangutans, chimpanzees, orangutans, gorillas, and bonobos (shown below; humans are excluded from this category, of course -- unless you consider yourself as an animal!). These great apes are included under the family Hominidae.
Great ape appearance: In appearance the great apes have many similarities. The face is almost naked, and the ears are round and mostly hairless. They do not have cheek pouches. The thumb is shorter than the fingers and opposable. The arms are longer than the legs and the big toe is also opposable. All have the ability to walk bipedally (on two legs), though some do it more than others like bonobos.
Great ape sense: All the great apes can distinguish colors, and rely mostly on vision and hearing rather than smell. They have a wide range of vocalizations, and facial expressions.
Great ape smarts: As stated above, the great apes are intelligent, capable thinkers and able to problem solve and learn language to some degree.
Besides the Great Apes, who are the other apes?
There are a few other apes in addition to the great apes, called the "lesser apes". The family Hylobatidae consists of many species of gibbons. They are different physically, socially and mentally from the great apes (chimpanzees, gorillas, orangutans). They are smaller in size, and unlike the great apes which live in complex social groups, gibbons live in pairs for life. They don't make nests like most of the great apes, and in some ways, they look more similar to monkeys than the great apes.
Lesser Apes - Gibbons
Though on the surface they may look like monkeys because of their smaller and more slender forms, gibbons are indeed apes. Like the great apes, they lack tails, and have the same dental formula. Their skulls are also similar to those of great apes, having enlarged braincases and huge eye orbits that face forward. Siamangs are the largest type of gibbon.
The most dangerous ape: All the apes are endangered. The one that is causing the apes to become endangered are humans. Humans continually destroy other ape habitat with logging, farming and housing expansion, and also often hunt apes for bushmeat. Many of the apes are critically endangered because of humans.
As stated before, apes only live in Africa and Asia, whereas other primates also live in South America.
Briefly on Monkeys: Monkeys have the most variation among the Primates, and there are many kinds of monkeys. Monkeys themselves are divided into two large categories: Old World Monkeys and New World Monkeys. Old World monkeys live in Africa and Asia, and New World Monkeys live in Central and South America.
Old World Monkeys: Old World Monkeys make the family Cercopithecinae. They are larger than the New World monkeys. They are diurnal, and are physically different as well. Old world monkeys have:
Narrow and downward pointing nostrils.
Longer hind legs than forearms.
Flattened nails on fingers and toes.
Prominent buttock pads that they can sit on.
Tails, but not prehensile (adapted or created for grasping or holding) ones.
They are generally larger than the New World monkeys.
Old world monkeys themselves are divided into two subfamilies: the Cercopithecinae (cheek-pouched monkeys) and the Colobinae (leaf-eating monkeys).
New World Monkeys: These monkeys live in the neotropical forests of the "new world". New World Monkeys range vastly in size - some are quite tiny, like the 6 inch pygmy marmoset, and some are larger - the howler monkey can be up to 3 feet in length. New World Monkeys are called platyrrhines. Characteristics of New World Monkeys:
Wide nostrils which are circular and spaced apart.
They are small to medium sized.
Long tails which are sometimes prehensile.
No buttock pads.
No cheek pouches.
They are divided into two groups: The Callitrichidae, which include the smaller tamarins and marmosets, and the Cebide Monkeys, which include a wider variety of monkeys including the capuchin, owl, titi, saki, spider, wooly, and many others.
you may start to discover from the photos, there are many kinds of
monkeys (both New World and Old World) - many more than the apes, and
also more than the next kind of primate, one much less
Not a monkey OR an ape: There is one other kind of primate that people may not be aware of. Prosimians are the most primitive of the primates - sometimes they are referred to as "pre-monkeys". There name means "before monkeys".
Prosimians include animals like lemurs, lorises, and tarsiers. They are said to be the ancestors to monkeys, and apes (which is totally false by the way; they were created by almighty God at the same time as the monkeys and other apes!) and live a very different lifestyle.
Nocturnal and sensitive: In contrast to diurnal (daytime) monkeys and apes, prosimians are mostly nocturnal... they have large eyes with sensitive nocturnal vision, complex tactile hairs, large and independently movable ears and a strong sense of smell.
Specialized and tropical; They are usually very specialized to their environment and have a variety of social systems. Like monkeys and apes though, they do have a developed hand with good control. They are restricted to living only in tropical woodlands...
Prosimians are restricted to tropical woodlands. Many surviving species have become nocturnal, probably because of competition from diurnal monkeys and rodents. Most prosimians are endangered, some critically so.
A well developed sense of smell, and a more prominent snout.
Partial binocular vision (using two eyes together, as apes and monkeys do). Often nocturnal vision.
Some claws and developed manual dexterity.
Immobilized upper lips.
A different dental formula - 2:1:3:3
Prosimians only live in the 'Old World'. (area that don't include North and South America): Lemurs live only on the island of Madagascar, Tarsiers live on the islands of the Philippines, Borneo, Celebes Islands, and Sumatra, and Lorises live in areas of Africa and South/Southeast Asia.
Hopefully now you know some characteristics, both physically and otherwise that separate monkeys and apes - as well as the other less well known primate (Prosimians). Here is one more graphical reminder, to help you be able to recognize the different kinds of primates since there are very obvious physical differences between them! Good luck!
Interesting Facts About Monkeys
Monkey and gorillas are part of the primate family.
Gorrilas walk on there nuckles so all the body weight won’t go on its hands.
Monkeys and gorillas are usually in groups.
They swing on trees to stay away from predators.
Monkeys do not like to be touched (unless instructed to do so by Monkey).
Monkeys have an IQ of 174.
Monkeys have no patience.
Monkeys love to be massaged, however, do not rub Monkeys the wrong way.
Monkeys can and will exhibit outbursts of sudden and deadly rage if provoked.
Do not make direct eye contact with Monkey for more than 4 seconds.
Most monkeys are very dangerous and some are not.
Monkeys can weigh up to 100 pounds or 45 kgs. Their tails can be as long as 3 feet. They have opposable thumbs.
Monkeys can live in trees, grasslands, mountains , forests or on high plains.
Monkeys eat fruit, grass, leaves, eggs, insects and spiders.
Hawks, people and eagles are predators of monkeys.
A group of monkeys is called a troop.
The loudest monkey is the Howler Monkey.
There are about 124 species of monkeys.
40 Random Facts About . . .
you Know? List of Facts about Apes
Facts are statements which are held to be true and often contrasted with opinions and beliefs. Our unusual and interesting facts about Apes, trivia and information, including some useful statistics about animals will fascinate everyone from kids and children to adults. Interesting Facts about Apes are as follows:
Fact 1 - Definition: An ape is an animal of a class of primates. They are usually larger than monkeys and distinguished from them by having no tail
Fact 2 - Apes consist of
Bonobos (formally called the Pygmy Chimp)
Fact 3 - What is the difference between Monkeys and Apes? Apes and monkeys are both primates but have different physical characteristics and ancestry. Apes are generally larger than monkeys and have no tail
Fact 4 - There are basically two types of apes - great apes and lesser apes.
Fact 5 - Great Apes are Gorillas, chimpanzees, bonobos and orangutans
Fact 6 - Lesser Apes are the gibbons, of which there are 16 species
Fact 7 - Apes can move their shoulders up and backward from their shoulders
Fact 8 - Apes stats and facts about Gibbons
Weight: 10- 14 kg
Standing Height: 74- 100 cm
Lifespan: 35- 40 years
Speed: Up to 56 km/h (35 mph)
Number of Offspring: 1
Diet: Gibbons are omnivores (eating plants and meat).
Fact 9 - Apes stats and facts about Gorillas
Weight: 140–200 kg (310–440 lb)
Standing Height: 1.65–1.75 metres (5 ft 5 in–5 ft 9 in)
Habitat: The forests of central west Africa
Lifespan: 30 - 50 years
Diet: Gorillas are predominantly herbivorous, feeding only on plants. Lowland gorillas feed mainly on fruit while Mountain gorillas feed mostly on herbs, stems and roots
Fact 10 - Apes stats and facts about Orangutans
Weight: 73 to 180 pounds (33 to 82 kg)
Standing Height: 4 to 5 ft (1.2 to 1.5 m)
Habitat: The forests of Borneo and Sumatra
Lifespan: 50 years
Diet: Orangutans are are omnivores, this means they eat both vegetables and meat
Fact 11 - Apes stats and facts about Chimpanzees
Weight: 70 kg (150 lb)
Standing Height: 1.7 metres (5.6 ft)
Habitat: Tropical rainforests, woodlands, swamp forests and grasslands of Africa
Lifespan: 40 years
Diet: Chimpanzees are are omnivores, this means they eat both vegetables and meat
Fact 12 - Apes stats and facts about Bonobos
Weight: 39 kg (86 lb)
Standing Height: 730 to 830 mm (2.40 to 2.72 ft)
Habitat: the swampy rainforests in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in Central Africa
Lifespan: 30 - 40 years
Diet: Bonobos are mainly frugivorous, this means they fruit eaters
Fact 13 - Apes are extremely intelligent and are able to make use of a variety of tools
Fact 14 - The arms of apes are longer than their legs. Their hands are similar to those of humans but the fingers and thumb are of equal length
Fact 15 - The Gorilla is the largest ape
Fact 16 - The Gibbon is the smallest ape
Fact 17 - Conservation Status:
Most species of apes are listed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as 'Endangered' or 'Critically Endangered
Endangered Species - EN (Status: Threatened) - In the immediate probability of becoming extinct and require protection to exist.
Critically Endangered - CR (Status: Threatened) - Face an extremely high risk of extinction in the immediate future.
about the Apes - Scientific Names / Classification
Scientific Names / Classification of Apes - The scientists who study animals (zoology) are called zoologists. Each animal that is studied is classified, that is, split into descriptive groups starting with main groups (vertebrates and invertebrates) the Families of animals are also included and the families are then split into species. These various scientific facts about Apes are as follows:
We have included a selection of trivia and interesting facts about Apes which we hope will be of help with homework. Most of these interesting facts about the Gibbon are quite amazing and some are little known pieces of trivia and facts! Many of these interesting pieces of animal information and fun facts about Apes and info will help you increase your knowledge on the subject of animals and the Gibbon.
Did you know? Bonobos are much like chimps, and in fact were once thought to be just another kind of chimp. They were only "discovered" in 1929. Scientists still know less about bonobos than about any of the other great apes.