Monkeys and Apes: Pictures, Types and Facts

* important note : Please know that any text referring to evolution is stupid, ridiculous, absurd and dumb, because it did not happen *

What is an Ape?

An ape is any member of the Hominoidea superfamily of primates. Apes are divided into two groups, lesser apes and great apes. Chimpanzees, gorillas, and orangutans (humans are also usually falsely included in this category. Of course they want to falsely think they evolved from animals, since they live like beasts and worse like beasts!).

Though all these varieties belong to the same group of apes, they have several differences among them. For instance, gibbons are monogamous and territorial pair-bonders, while orangutans mainly live alone. Gorillas wander in small troops, under a single male leader and the chimpanzees generally live in larger troops. Gorillas and chimpanzees inhabit the tropical Africa, whereas orangutans are generally found in the forests of Sumatra and Borneo. Apes, in general, are the most intelligent of all the animals found on earth. They resemble human beings in most of their features and even in their behavior. Certain species of apes have been declared by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as 'Endangered' or 'Critically Endangered. In this article we bring you some really interesting facts and amazing information on apes.

Quick Facts About Apes

  • Kingdom: Animalia

  • Phylum: Chordata

  • Class: Mammalia

  • Order: Primates

  • Suborder: Haplorrhini

  • Parvorder: Catarrhini

  • Superfamily: Hominoidea

  • Families: Six

  • Diet: Omnivorous

    Interesting & Amazing Information on Apes:

    • Apes are basically of two types - anthropoid apes or great apes and hylobatinae or lesser apes. Gorillas, chimpanzees, pygmy chimpanzees and orangutans belong to the group of great apes, whereas gibbons (with several different species) are referred to as the lesser apes.

    • Apes are often referred to as the “humanlike” creatures, which share a lot of similarities with the human beings.

    • Though apes mostly feed on the plant vegetation, they also consume eggs, insects, small mammals and birds.

    • While, female monkeys go through the estrous cycle, great apes, go through a menstrual cycle like human beings.

    • Apes have a skeletal structure similar to that of humans and also lots of similarities with regard to their organs and muscles.

    • The pelvis of apes is similar to that of monkeys, which allows them to walk on all four legs. Hence, they use knuckle-walking for ground locomotion.

    • Apes have broad and flat chests. They can move their shoulders up and backward from their shoulders.

    • Gibbons are the only apes that have buttock callosities, which is the characteristic trait in old world monkeys.

    • Apes keep their bodies in both semi-upright and upright position, when they are resting as well as during their locomotion.

    • The arms of apes are longer than their legs. Their hands are similar to human hands, only the fingers and thumb are of equal length.

    • Apes do not have tails and the cheek pouches commonly found in the monkeys are also absent.

    • The eyes of apes are highly developed, with stereoscopic color vision.

    • Apes have large brains, which make them the most intelligent animals on earth. The brain of a gorilla weighs around 600 grams and chimpanzees and orangutans have their brain weighing around 400 grams.

    • Among the apes, chimpanzees are the most intelligent and can be easily be taught certain man tasks, even to communicate.

    • Except for gorillas, all true apes are extremely efficient in climbing trees.

    • Gorilla is the largest ape and an adult male one weighs around 275 kilograms. It can be almost six feet tall, when it stands up.

    • Gibbon is the smallest ape, which has a weight of around 10 kilograms and height of around 3 feet.

    • Adult male apes inflate their throat pouch and produce a characteristic sound that can be heard from over a kilometer.

    • The reproduction rates of apes are very slow and the females give birth every 6 to 7 years.

    • Apes can be found in tropical rainforests throughout the western and central Africa and also Southeast Asia. The Orangutans can only be found in Asia, where as the chimpanzees are found mostly in west and central Africa. The gorillas inhabit central Africa, and gibbons are the inhabitants of Southeast Asia.

    Difference Between Apes and Monkeys

    Monkeys and apes are the animals being used for studies and researches very commonly. While there are some similarities in both the animals, the differences are many. The similarities being that both monkeys and apes belong to the Primate family and some of them look alike also. They have some common behaviors in terms of habitat and food. But the animals differ in many aspects.

    Monkeys are the smaller primates while apes are larger. More specifically a monkey is a cercopithecoid or platyrrhine primate while an ape belongs to the Hominoidea family of primates. Scientifically speaking, the Old World monkeys are more related to the apes than to the New World monkeys. The Mandrill monkey is thought to be an ape by many owing to its size, but is in fact an Old World monkey. As the monkey family consists of the old and new monkeys, the ape family consists of chimpanzees, orangutans, gorillas (humans are also falsely included in this category, as, according to the unbelievers, humans are said to have evolved from apes).

    Out of the two animals, an ape is cleverer than a monkey. This is indicated in its behaviors and activities. They are capable of learning signs, languages, the use of tools, and even display the skills to solve problems. The apes have larger brains and bodies than the monkeys. The body of an ape has a broad back and arms longer than the legs, while monkeys have slender, long chests and have arms which are as the same length as the legs or shorter.

    Another feature by which you can distinguish both is the tail. Monkeys have tails while apes do not. But there are exceptions as some monkey species like the baboons and drills do not have tails. Monkeys are more used to the life on trees and the tail serves as a fifth limb to them in the purpose. And apes live more comfortably on the ground, though they can climb and swing between trees like the monkeys.

    Monkeys are very commonly distributed all over the world but apes are not. You will be able to find monkeys even in places where you live. They can live in harmony with humans. But apes are not that widely distributed and there are many endangered species of apes within the family.

    Some other physical features to distinguish between a monkey and ape are the nose and feet. The nasal openings of monkeys are slanted while those of apes are rounded. The feet of monkeys are webbed while apes do not have webbed feet. Another remarkable feature in apes is the opposable thumbs like the humans. Monkeys do not have this kind of thumbs.

    Summary:

    1. The apes are more close to humans than monkeys (although they are not related as some falsely claim). Physically, the features like the slanting nose, webbed feet, body size, and tails make the monkeys different from the apes.

    2. If apes are intelligent and are capable of displaying intelligence, monkeys shows no intelligence in its behaviors and are often considered as a nuisance to normal human lives as it destroys crops and plantations and disturbs people.

    3. The nasal openings of monkeys are slanted while those of apes are rounded.

    4. The feet of monkeys are webbed while apes do not have webbed feet.

    5. Another remarkable feature in apes is the opposable thumbs like the humans. Monkeys do not have this kind of thumbs

    Apes vs Monkeys

    While apes and monkeys are both primates, and are part of the same primate suborder, there are lots of differences between them. There are also lots of other sorts of primates. The distinction between different primate groups is­ based on physical characteristics and evolutionary ancestry.

    The order of primates is characterized by animals with forward-facing eyes and highly flexible arms, legs and fingers. This body structure was created as an adaptation for life in the trees: Primates have flexible limbs and grasping hands so they can move from branch to branch. The forward-facing eyes are also suitable for life in this environment: They give primates excellent depth perception, allowing them to accurately judge the distance between trees.

    The 235 (or 234 excluding humans?) modern primate species are divided up into two suborders -- the prosimians and the anthropoids. The prosimians, made up of lemurs and similar animals, are the more primitive group. They exhibit lower intelligence and they more closely resemble other mammal groups (they typically have whiskers and extended snouts, for example). Anthropoids, commonly called the "higher primates," comprise the rest of the species in the primate order. Anthropoids vary considerably in size, geographical range and behavior, but they all have flat faces, small ears and relatively large, complex brains.

    ­W­ithin the suborder of anthropoids, primates are grouped into monkeys , apes and hominids (humans and their ancestors are also usually falsely included in the category “hominids”). The easiest way to distinguish monkeys from the other anthropoids is to look for a tail. Most monkey species have tails, but no apes or hominids do. Monkeys are much more like other mammals than apes are. For example, most monkeys cannot swing from branch to branch, as apes can, because their shoulder bones have a different structure. Instead, monkeys run along the tops of branches. Their skeletal structure is similar to a cat, dog or other four-footed animal, and they move in the same sort of way.

    Can you tell the difference between an ape and a monkey? Many people call all primates monkeys, when in fact apes and monkeys are two kinds of animals under the classification of primate. They may look similar, but when you start to learn more about them, it becomes apparent there are many differences between monkeys and apes. Which animals are monkeys, and which are apes?

    What is the difference between monkeys and apes?

    There are many many differences between monkeys and apes. But let's list some basics to remember right now. . There are only a small number of types of apes, while there are over a hundred types of monkeys. This article will focus more on apes:

    • Apes are usually larger and heavier than monkeys.

    • Apes have no tail.

    • Apes have a more upright body posture than monkeys, and are often able to walk on 2 legs.

    • Apes have a broad chest.

    • Apes rely on vision rather than smell, and thus have shorter noses than some monkeys.

    • Apes have a large brain to body size ratio compared with other animals.

    • Apes only live in Africa and Asia (monkeys also live in South America).

    There are a few exceptions to these rules; there are some monkeys without tails, and there are some large monkeys. But overall, those are general characteristics to remember about apes and monkeys.

    Now... let's talk a little more about some of these apes. Already after reading the list above, some things look familiar to you. The Great Apes (humans are usually falsely included in this category) have characteristics that set them apart from other apes and primates:

    • The Great Apes are able to use tools, and use or understand language to some degree.

    • Their social lives are complex and they are able to solve problems.

    Who? The great apes include orangutans, chimpanzees, orangutans, gorillas, and bonobos (shown below; humans are excluded from this category, of course -- unless you consider yourself as an animal!). These great apes are included under the family Hominidae.

    Great ape appearance: In appearance the great apes have many similarities. The face is almost naked, and the ears are round and mostly hairless. They do not have cheek pouches. The thumb is shorter than the fingers and opposable. The arms are longer than the legs and the big toe is also opposable. All have the ability to walk bipedally (on two legs), though some do it more than others like bonobos.

    Great ape sense: All the great apes can distinguish colors, and rely mostly on vision and hearing rather than smell. They have a wide range of vocalizations, and facial expressions.

    Great ape smarts: As stated above, the great apes are intelligent, capable thinkers and able to problem solve and learn language to some degree.

    Besides the Great Apes, who are the other apes?

    There are a few other apes in addition to the great apes, called the "lesser apes". The family Hylobatidae consists of many species of gibbons. They are different physically, socially and mentally from the great apes (chimpanzees, gorillas, orangutans). They are smaller in size, and unlike the great apes which live in complex social groups, gibbons live in pairs for life. They don't make nests like most of the great apes, and in some ways, they look more similar to monkeys than the great apes.

    Lesser Apes - Gibbons

    Though on the surface they may look like monkeys because of their smaller and more slender forms, gibbons are indeed apes. Like the great apes, they lack tails, and have the same dental formula. Their skulls are also similar to those of great apes, having enlarged braincases and huge eye orbits that face forward. Siamangs are the largest type of gibbon.

    The most dangerous ape: All the apes are endangered. The one that is causing the apes to become endangered are humans. Humans continually destroy other ape habitat with logging, farming and housing expansion, and also often hunt apes for bushmeat. Many of the apes are critically endangered because of humans.

    As stated before, apes only live in Africa and Asia, whereas other primates also live in South America.

    Briefly on Monkeys: Monkeys have the most variation among the Primates, and there are many kinds of monkeys. Monkeys themselves are divided into two large categories: Old World Monkeys and New World Monkeys. Old World monkeys live in Africa and Asia, and New World Monkeys live in Central and South America.

    Old World Monkeys: Old World Monkeys make the family Cercopithecinae. They are larger than the New World monkeys. They are diurnal, and are physically different as well. Old world monkeys have:

    • Narrow and downward pointing nostrils.

    • Longer hind legs than forearms.

    • Flattened nails on fingers and toes.

    • Prominent buttock pads that they can sit on.

    • Tails, but not prehensile (adapted or created for grasping or holding) ones.

    • They are generally larger than the New World monkeys.

    Old world monkeys themselves are divided into two subfamilies: the Cercopithecinae (cheek-pouched monkeys) and the Colobinae (leaf-eating monkeys).

    New World Monkeys: These monkeys live in the neotropical forests of the "new world". New World Monkeys range vastly in size - some are quite tiny, like the 6 inch pygmy marmoset, and some are larger - the howler monkey can be up to 3 feet in length. New World Monkeys are called platyrrhines. Characteristics of New World Monkeys:

    • Wide nostrils which are circular and spaced apart.

    • They are small to medium sized.

    • Long tails which are sometimes prehensile.

    • No buttock pads.

    • No cheek pouches.

    They are divided into two groups: The Callitrichidae, which include the smaller tamarins and marmosets, and the Cebide Monkeys, which include a wider variety of monkeys including the capuchin, owl, titi, saki, spider, wooly, and many others.

    As you may start to discover from the photos, there are many kinds of monkeys (both New World and Old World) - many more than the apes, and also more than the next kind of primate, one much less well-known....

    Not a monkey OR an ape: There is one other kind of primate that people may not be aware of. Prosimians are the most primitive of the primates - sometimes they are referred to as "pre-monkeys". There name means "before monkeys".

    Prosimians include animals like lemurs, lorises, and tarsiers. They are said to be the ancestors to monkeys, and apes (which is totally false by the way; they were created by almighty God at the same time as the monkeys and other apes!) and live a very different lifestyle.

    Nocturnal and sensitive: In contrast to diurnal (daytime) monkeys and apes, prosimians are mostly nocturnal... they have large eyes with sensitive nocturnal vision, complex tactile hairs, large and independently movable ears and a strong sense of smell.

    Specialized and tropical; They are usually very specialized to their environment and have a variety of social systems. Like monkeys and apes though, they do have a developed hand with good control. They are restricted to living only in tropical woodlands...

    Prosimians are restricted to tropical woodlands. Many surviving species have become nocturnal, probably because of competition from diurnal monkeys and rodents. Most prosimians are endangered, some critically so.

    Prosimians have:

    1. A well developed sense of smell, and a more prominent snout.

    2. Partial binocular vision (using two eyes together, as apes and monkeys do). Often nocturnal vision.

    3. Some claws and developed manual dexterity.

    4. Immobilized upper lips.

    5. A different dental formula - 2:1:3:3

    6. Prosimians only live in the 'Old World'. (area that don't include North and South America): Lemurs live only on the island of Madagascar, Tarsiers live on the islands of the Philippines, Borneo, Celebes Islands, and Sumatra, and Lorises live in areas of Africa and South/Southeast Asia.


    Hopefully now you know some characteristics, both physically and otherwise that separate monkeys and apes - as well as the other less well known primate (Prosimians). Here is one more graphical reminder, to help you be able to recognize the different kinds of primates since there are very obvious physical differences between them! Good luck!

    Interesting Facts About Monkeys

    • Monkey and gorillas are part of the primate family.

    • Gorrilas walk on there nuckles so all the body weight won’t go on its hands.

    • Monkeys and gorillas are usually in groups.

    • They swing on trees to stay away from predators.

    • Monkeys do not like to be touched (unless instructed to do so by Monkey).

    • Monkeys have an IQ of 174.

    • Monkeys have no patience.

    • Monkeys love to be massaged, however, do not rub Monkeys the wrong way.

    • Monkeys can and will exhibit outbursts of sudden and deadly rage if provoked.

    • Do not make direct eye contact with Monkey for more than 4 seconds.

    • Most monkeys are very dangerous and some are not.

    • Monkeys can weigh up to 100 pounds or 45 kgs. Their tails can be as long as 3 feet. They have opposable thumbs.

    • Monkeys can live in trees, grasslands, mountains , forests or on high plains.

    • Monkeys eat fruit, grass, leaves, eggs, insects and spiders.

    • Hawks, people and eagles are predators of monkeys.

    • A group of monkeys is called a troop.

    • The loudest monkey is the Howler Monkey.

    • There are about 124 species of monkeys.

    40 Random Facts About . . .

    Monkeys

    1. The origins of the word "monkey" are unclear. It could come from Moneke, the name of the son of Martin the Ape in a medieval animal story. It appears also to be related to manikin, from the Dutch manneken ("little man").

    2. Monkeys make up two of the three groups of simian primates, Old World monkeys and New World monkeys. The other group is the apes.

    3. A monkey is any primate that is not a prosimian, or ape.

    4. Monkeys are most easily distinguished from apes by their tails. Apes have no tails.


      Monkeys have tails, but apes do not

    5. Apes and spider monkeys swing arm-to-arm in trees, but most monkeys don’t. Instead, they run across branches.

    6. Monkeys use vocalizations, facial expressions, and body movements to communicate.

    7. Grinning or pulling the lip is a sign of aggression in monkeys, along with yawning, head bobbing, and jerking the head and shoulders forward.

    8. Monkeys express affection and make peace with others by grooming each other.

    9. A group of monkeys is called a "troop."

    10. Monkeys live in trees, grasslands, mountains, forests, and on high plains.

    11. Monkeys are seriously threatened by habitat loss--especially those that live in tropical forests, a habitat that is quickly disappearing.

    12. The Pygmy Marmoset is the world's smallest monkey. It measures 117-159 millimeters (four and a half to six inches) in length and weighs 85 to 140 grams (three to five ounces).


      The smallest and largest monkeys, a Pygmy Marmoset (left) and male Mandrill (right)

    13. The male Mandrill is the largest monkey. It is almost 1 meter (3.3 feet) long and weighs about 35 kilograms (77 pounds).

    14. It is common for monkeys to carry tuberculosis, hepatitis, and simian herpes B.

    15. Most monkeys eat both animals and plants. Some also eat dirt.

    16. Monkeys peel their bananas and do not eat the skins.

    17. Monkeys can grasp with both their fingers and their toes.

    18. Most Old World monkeys have small, curved nostrils set close together. Most New World monkeys have round nostrils set far apart on flat noses.

    19. Ten New World monkey species have been classified as nocturnal. All known Old World monkeys are diurnal.

    20. Some Old World monkeys, such as Drills, have sitting pads on their rumps, but New World monkeys do not.

    21. Old World monkeys have 32 teeth. New World monkeys have 36.

    22. There are 96 species of Old World monkeys.

    23. Old World monkeys are divided into two subfamilies, generalists and specialists. Generalists eat almost anything, and specialists eat mainly leaves.

    24. Old World monkeys often have large cheek pouches that enable them to feed rapidly and store their food, then chew and swallow it later.

    25. As of 2008, there are 81 species of New World monkeys in the Amazon basin, and new ones are continually being discovered.

    26. Many New World monkeys have prehensile tails, a feature not shared by any of their Old World cousins. Prehensile tails are used for grasping objects, swinging, and steadying the monkey by grasping limbs and branches when the hands and feet are being used in progression.

    27. Many New World Monkeys, including the spider monkey, do not have thumbs. Capuchins and squirrel monkeys are the only New World monkeys with pseudo-opposable thumbs.

    28. Proboscis monkeys are best known for the long noses of males, which grow larger as the monkeys age. Females have smaller, pointed noses. This distinctive feature might help to resonate the male's loud vocalizations.

    29. As the name indicates, silvered leaf monkeys are silver to dark gray in color. Infants, however, are bright orange.

    30. Twenty different vocalizations have been noted in squirrel monkeys.


      Squirrel monkeys have at least twenty vocalizations

    31. Male squirrel monkeys sometimes assert dominance by urinating on subordinates.

    32. Adult male guenon monkeys will sometimes rush after an eagle that has caught a family member, sometimes intimidating the bird enough that it lets go of its prey.

    33. When a troop of guenon monkeys gets a new leader, the new alpha-male will sometimes kill all babies who are still being suckled—a behavior known as kin selection, where the male protects his own offspring by killing the offspring of other males. (Humans are worse than the apes even! through evil practices like abortion. Not only that, but apes can be excused since they have no reason! whereas humans performs and approves of these abominations with their reason and will.)

    34. The Barbary Macaque is the only free-living species of monkey in Europe, which was once home to many monkeys.

    35. The Olive Colobus monkey and certain Red Colobus species are hunted for food by humans and chimpanzees.

    36. Howler monkeys are the loudest monkeys. Their howls can be heard for about two miles in the forest and almost three miles in an open area.

    37. Howler monkeys spend up to 80% of their time resting.

    38. South American Titi monkeys are rare among primates because they are monogamous. They mate for life and become distressed when separated. They show affection by remaining close, grooming each other, intertwining their tails, holding hands, nuzzling, cuddling, and lip smacking.

    39. Capuchins are skilled tool users. They smash nuts with rocks, insert branches into crevices to capture food, remove spines and hairs from caterpillars by rubbing them against a branch, protect their hands with leaves, and use large branches to club snakes.

    40. Capuchin monkeys use different vocal sounds to identify different types of predators. They have also been seen banging stones together to warn each other of approaching predators.

    Did you Know? List of Facts about Apes
    Facts are statements which are held to be true and often contrasted with opinions and beliefs. Our unusual and interesting facts about Apes, trivia and information, including some useful statistics about animals will fascinate everyone from kids and children to adults. Interesting Facts about Apes are as follows:

    • Fact 1 - Definition: An ape is an animal of a class of primates. They are usually larger than monkeys and distinguished from them by having no tail

    • Fact 2 - Apes consist of

      • Gorillas

      • Bonobos (formally called the Pygmy Chimp)

      • Chimpanzees

      • Orangutans

      • Gibbons

    • Fact 3 - What is the difference between Monkeys and Apes? Apes and monkeys are both primates but have different physical characteristics and ancestry. Apes are generally larger than monkeys and have no tail

    • Fact 4 - There are basically two types of apes - great apes and lesser apes.

    • Fact 5 - Great Apes are Gorillas, chimpanzees, bonobos and orangutans

    • Fact 6 - Lesser Apes are the gibbons, of which there are 16 species

    • Fact 7 - Apes can move their shoulders up and backward from their shoulders

    • Fact 8 - Apes stats and facts about Gibbons

      • Weight: 10- 14 kg

      • Standing Height: 74- 100 cm

      • Habitat: Rainforests

      • Lifespan: 35- 40 years

      • Speed: Up to 56 km/h (35 mph)

      • Number of Offspring: 1

      • Diet: Gibbons are omnivores (eating plants and meat).

    • Fact 9 - Apes stats and facts about Gorillas

      • Weight: 140–200 kg (310–440 lb)

      • Standing Height: 1.65–1.75 metres (5 ft 5 in–5 ft 9 in)

      • Habitat: The forests of central west Africa

      • Lifespan: 30 - 50 years

      • Diet: Gorillas are predominantly herbivorous, feeding only on plants. Lowland gorillas feed mainly on fruit while Mountain gorillas feed mostly on herbs, stems and roots

    • Fact 10 - Apes stats and facts about Orangutans

      • Weight: 73 to 180 pounds (33 to 82 kg)

      • Standing Height: 4 to 5 ft (1.2 to 1.5 m)

      • Habitat: The forests of Borneo and Sumatra

      • Lifespan: 50 years

      • Diet: Orangutans are are omnivores, this means they eat both vegetables and meat

    • Fact 11 - Apes stats and facts about Chimpanzees

      • Weight: 70 kg (150 lb)

      • Standing Height: 1.7 metres (5.6 ft)

      • Habitat: Tropical rainforests, woodlands, swamp forests and grasslands of Africa

      • Lifespan: 40 years

      • Diet: Chimpanzees are are omnivores, this means they eat both vegetables and meat

    • Fact 12 - Apes stats and facts about Bonobos

      • Weight: 39 kg (86 lb)

      • Standing Height: 730 to 830 mm (2.40 to 2.72 ft)

      • Habitat: the swampy rainforests in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in Central Africa

      • Lifespan: 30 - 40 years

      • Diet: Bonobos are mainly frugivorous, this means they fruit eaters

    • Fact 13 - Apes are extremely intelligent and are able to make use of a variety of tools

    • Fact 14 - The arms of apes are longer than their legs. Their hands are similar to those of humans but the fingers and thumb are of equal length

    • Fact 15 - The Gorilla is the largest ape

    • Fact 16 - The Gibbon is the smallest ape

    • Fact 17 - Conservation Status:

      • Most species of apes are listed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as 'Endangered' or 'Critically Endangered

        • Endangered Species - EN (Status: Threatened) - In the immediate probability of becoming extinct and require protection to exist.

        • Critically Endangered - CR (Status: Threatened) - Face an extremely high risk of extinction in the immediate future.

    Facts about the Apes - Scientific Names / Classification
    Scientific Names / Classification of Apes - The scientists who study animals (zoology) are called zoologists. Each animal that is studied is classified, that is, split into descriptive groups starting with main groups (vertebrates and invertebrates) the Families of animals are also included and the families are then split into species. These various scientific facts about Apes are as follows:

    • Kingdom: Animalia

    • Phylum: Chordata

    • Class: Mammalia

    • Subclass: Theria

    • Order: Primates

    • Suborder: Haplorrhini

    • Infraorder: Simiiformes

    • Parvorder: Catarrhini

    • Superfamily: Hominoidea

    Facts about Apes
    We have included a selection of trivia and interesting facts about Apes which we hope will be of help with homework. Most of these interesting facts about the Gibbon are quite amazing and some are little known pieces of trivia and facts! Many of these interesting pieces of animal information and fun facts about Apes and info will help you increase your knowledge on the subject of animals and the Gibbon.

    Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla)
    The largest Great Ape

    Males: 400 pounds (180 kg); up to 6 feet (1.8 m) standing
    Females: 200 pounds (90 kg); up to 5 feet (1.5 m) standing
    Habitat: Lowland gorillas live in rainforests in East and West Africa; mountain gorillas live in rainforests in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, and Uganda.
    Community: Up to 30 gorillas live in a troop. A troop includes one male, many females, and their offspring.
    Diet: Plants and some insects. Wild gorillas have big potbellies, which are full of bulky plants.
    You'll notice: The silvery back of the adult male
    Baby fact: Baby gorillas have little white tufts of hair on their bottoms that look like tails.

    Did you know? An adult male gorilla is very protective of his family. He will stand and beat his chest to scare away intruders. This is where the idea of King Kong comes from. But the truth is that gorillas generally have quiet, peaceful lives.

    Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus, Pongo abelii)
    The world's largest arboreal (tree-dwelling) animal

    Males: 200 pounds (90 kg); up to 4.5 feet (1.4 m) standing
    Females: 110 pounds (50 kg); up to 3.5 feet (1.1 m) standing
    Habitat: Tropical rainforests in Borneo and Sumatra
    Community: Orangutans are more solitary than other great apes, though mothers and their young stay close for years. An orangutan eats a lot of fruit, and since fruit trees can grow far apart, it is probably better for a single orangutan to find a tree and eat its fill.
    Diet: Mostly fruit; other plants, some birds' eggs and meat
    You'll notice: Its long red hair
    Baby fact: Baby orangutans play in the treetops like little acrobats.

    Did you know? During rainstorms, an orangutan may hold a big leaf over its head like an umbrella.

    Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes, Pan paniscus)
    Most people's favorite ape

    Males: 115 pounds (52 kg); up to 4.5 feet (1.4 m) standing
    Females: 90 pounds (40.5 kg); up to 4 feet (1.2 m) standing
    Habitat: Forests and savannas in western and central Africa
    Community: An average community has about 50 members-males, females, and offspring. Each group has a complex hierarchy that is headed by an "alpha male," or boss. The alpha male is usually the smartest male ape, rather than the biggest.
    Diet: Mostly fruit; other plants and some meat
    You'll notice: Its strong bald brow
    Baby fact: A baby chimpanzee weighs only two or three pounds at birth.

    Did You Know? Chimps use a variety of tools. For example, a chimp may peel a twig and use it to catch ants, or find just the right-sized rock to crack nuts. Also, sick chimps have been seen eating plants that have medicinal properties.

    Bonobos (Pan paniscus)
    The smallest great ape

    Males: 100 pounds (45 kg); up to 3.3 feet (1 m) standing
    Females: 75 pounds (34 kg); up to 3.3 feet (1 m) standing
    Habitat: Rainforests in central Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Community: Bonobos live in groups of about 20 to 50 that are as complex as chimpanzee groups, but more close-knit. Bonobos are not as aggressive with each other as chimps are, and female bonobos have a more dominant role than females in chimp groups.
    Diet: Mostly fruit; other plants and some meat (rarely)
    You'll notice: How the hair on its head often "parts" in the middle
    Baby fact: Unlike chimps, bonobos are born with dark faces that match their bodies.

    Did you know? Bonobos are much like chimps, and in fact were once thought to be just another kind of chimp. They were only "discovered" in 1929. Scientists still know less about bonobos than about any of the other great apes.

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